브레이크뉴스 박수영 기자= 코로나19발 경기 침체가 기업들의 신입채용 축소로 이어진 것으로 드러났다.
16일 인크루트에 따르면 비대면 기업 536곳 대상 ‘2020년 신입채용 결산조사’를 실시한 결과, 올 한해 신입사원을 뽑은 기업 비율이 전년대비 5분의 1가량 줄어들었다.
올 초(2020년 1월 조사) 인크루트가 상장사 831곳을 대상으로 “2019년에 대졸신입 직원을 1명이라도 뽑았는지?”, 즉 지난해 실제 채용 여부를 확인한 결과, 전체기업의 85.5%는 ‘그렇다’고 답했다. 기업별로는 △대기업 94.5% △중견기업 92.2% △중소기업 80.3% 순이었다. 지난해 기업 5곳 중 평균 4곳 가량에서 신입사원을 뽑은 것.
그러나 올해에는 “2020년에 대졸신입 직원을 1명이라도 채용했는지?” 물은 결과 ‘그렇다’고 답한 기업 비율은 67.0%에 그쳤다. 기업별로는 기업별로는 △대기업 89.5% △중견기업 76.9% △중소기업 62.1% 순으로 집계됐고, 전년대비 감소비율은 각각 대기업 -5.0%p, 중견기업 -15.3%p, 중소기업 -18.2%p로 확인됐다.
전년 대비 신입사원을 채용한 기업비율이 18.5%P 하락, 약 5분의 1가량 줄어들어 대조를 보인 것. 동시에 기업 5곳 중 2곳은 올해 신입채용 여력이 아예 없었다는 점에서 팬데믹 채용쇼크 우려를 증명했다.
업종별로는 ‘채용 했다’ 비율이 높은 순서대로 △운수ㆍ육상ㆍ물류(100.0%) △의료·간호·보건(90.0%) △미디어·방송·광고(87.5%) △전자·반도체(82.4%) △금융·보험(77.8%) 순 상위 5개 업종에서 채용이 활발했던 것으로 파악됐다.
반면, ‘채용 안 했다’ 비율 순서로는 △여행·숙박·항공(57.1%) △의류·신발·기타제조(55.6%) △식음료(52.2%) △에너지(50.0%) △건설·토목(43.5%) 등에서 신입채용이 저조했던 것으로 풀이된다.
올 한해 비대면 서비스 및 보건산업이 조명을 받으며 관련 업종의 신입채용 또한 활발했다면 반대로 직격탄을 맞은 여행·항공·숙박업 및 그 외 일부 업종에서는 신입채용 비율이 절반에도 그치지 못한 것.
신입채용 규모에 대해서는 “전년과 비교해 채용규모가 어떻게 달라졌는지?” 살펴본 결과 △전년대비 줄었다(40.3%) △전년과 같다(41.2%) △전년보다 늘었다(18.5%) 순으로 응답했다.
특기할 점은 채용규모가 전년대비 줄었다고 답한 기업 중 △대기업이(52.9%) 비율이 △중견(36.8%) 및 △중소(38.6%)기업 대비 큰 폭으로 높았다는 사실이다.
-아래는 구글번역기로 번역한 기사 전문.
It turned out that the economic downturn caused by Corona 19 led to the reduction of new recruits by companies.
According to Incrout on the 16th, as a result of conducting a “2020 new recruitment settlement survey” for 536 non-face-to-face companies, the percentage of companies that hired new employees this year decreased by about a fifth from the previous year.
At the beginning of this year (January 2020 survey), Incrout surveyed 831 listed companies, “Did you hire at least one new college graduate in 2019?” In other words, as a result of checking whether they were actually hired last year, 85.5% of all companies answered'Yes. 'I answered. By company, △94.5% of large companies, △92.2% of mid-sized companies, and △80.3% of small and medium-sized companies. Last year, an average of 4 out of 5 companies selected new employees.
But this year, "Have you hired even one new college graduate employee in 2020?" As a result of the question, only 67.0% of companies answered ‘yes’. By company, by company, △large companies 89.5%, △mid-sized companies 76.9% △small and medium-sized companies 62.1%, respectively, and the rate of decline from the previous year was -5.0%p for large companies, -15.3%p for mid-sized companies, and -18.2%p for small and medium-sized companies.
Compared to the previous year, the percentage of companies that hired new employees fell 18.5%P, which was about a fifth of the year, showing a contrast. At the same time, two out of five companies proved fears of a pandemic job shock in that there was no room for new recruits this year.
By industry, in the order of'recruited', △Transportation, land, logistics (100.0%) △Medical, nursing, health (90.0%) △Media, broadcasting, advertisement (87.5%) △Electronics and semiconductors (82.4%) △ It was found that recruitment was active in the top five industries in the order of finance and insurance (77.8%).
On the other hand, in the order of the'not hired' ratio, △travel, lodging, aviation (57.1%) △clothing, footwear, and other manufacturing (55.6%) △food and beverage (52.2%) △energy (50.0%) △construction and civil engineering (43.5%) %).
While the non-face-to-face service and health industry was spotlighted this year, and the recruitment of new recruits in related industries was also active, the proportion of new recruits in the travel, aviation, lodging, and other industries that were hit by direct hit was not even half.
Regarding the size of new recruits, "How did the size of recruitment change compared to the previous year?" As a result, they answered in the following order: △reduced compared to the previous year (40.3%), △same as the previous year (41.2%) △ increased from the previous year (18.5%).
It should be noted that the ratio of △large companies (52.9%) among the companies that answered that the size of hiring decreased compared to the previous year was significantly higher than that of △mid-sized companies (36.8%) and △small and medium-sized companies (38.6%).