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사람찾기 등 ‘탐정업, 빅3 업무’의 ‘정석과 응용’ 완전 정복 순회특강

김종식 한국민간조사학술연구소장 l 기사입력 2021-06-11

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▲김종식 한국민간조사학술연구소장.     ©브레이크뉴스

‘개별법과 타인의 권익을 침해하지 않는 탐정업무는 당장이라도 불가능하지 않다’는 헌법재판소의 판시(2018.6.28)와 이를 반영한 경찰청의 ‘탐정업 관련 민간자격 등록 수리(2019.6.17.)’, 신용정보법상 ‘탐정 호칭 사용 금지’의 해제(2020.8.5) 등 일련의 법제 환경 변화로 이제 대한민국 법전 어디에서도 탐정(업)을 금지한다는 법문이나 법리는 찾아 볼 수 없게 되었다. 탐정업은 이제 ‘누구나 영위할 수 있는 자유업’이 됐다는 얘기다(현재 영업 중인 탐정은 8,000여명에 이름). 

 

하지만 적잖은 시민들은 과거 일부 심부름센터 및 흥신업자 등의 ‘음성적 탐정활동’에서 빚어졌던 일탈을 염두한 나머지 ‘탐정업의 직업화(공개적 영업)’는 가능해졌다 할지라도 오늘날 탐정업무 종사자(탐정)들이 예전(무분별했던 흥신업자 등)과 달리 ‘자율적인 준법정신과 의협심 그리고 전문성’을 얼마나 보여줄 수 있을 것인지에 의문과 우려의 시선을 거두지 않고 있다. ‘올바른 탐정’, ‘유능한 탐정’이 되지 않고서는 탐정업으로 미래를 기약하기 어려울 것임을 시사하는 대목이다. 

 

이런 가운데 한국민간조사학술연구소(kpisl, 소장 김종식)는 동 연구소가 배출한 ‘탐정학술지도사(주무부처 경찰청, 2019-003311)’, ‘실종자소재분석사(주무부처 경찰청, 2019-003308), ‘자료수집대행사(주무부처 교육부, 2017-002023)’ 등 탐정업 관련 한국직업능력연구원 등록자격 취득자들을 대상으로 탐정업 관련 수임 빈도(受任頻度)가 높은 탐정업무의 순서를 잠정 모니터링해 본 바, 한국형 탐정업에 있어 ‘3대 탐정업무’는 ①‘사람 찾기’, ②‘배우자 부정행위 포착’ ③‘공익에 기여하는 활동’ 순인 것으로 나타났다.

 

특히 탐정업무 가운데 ‘사람 찾기’ 및 ‘배우자 부정행위 포착’과 ‘공익에 기여하는 활동’ 등 TOP3 업무에 해당하는 세 가지 업무의 비중이 전체 탐정업 업무의 90% 정도에 이르고 있는 것으로 추계됐다. 이에 비추어 볼 때 ‘big3 탐정업무」에 능통하지 못한 탐정은 사실상 탐정업에서 살아남지 못하거나 성공할 확률이 매우 떨어진다고 보아 무리가 아닐 듯 싶다. 

 

하지만 현실적으로 ‘3대 탐정업무’를 수행함에 있어 실정법과 조리(條理)를 조화롭게 응용해 본 탐정이 그리 흔치 않음은 물론 ‘탐정업 TOP3 업무에 대한 정석과 응용 그리고 제약과 한계’를 체계적으로 석명·제시할 교육 채널 역시 딱히 눈에 띄지 않음은 안타까운 일이라 아니할 수 없다. 이런 와중에 엎친데 덮친격으로 관록이나 유사경력 등을 그럴듯하게 포장한 500여명에 이르는 자칭 탐정교수(?)들이 불나방처럼 나타나 저마다 ‘탐정고수(高手)이자 대가(大家)’인양 허세를 부리고 있음에 우려를 갖지 않을 수 없다.

 

한국형 탐정업!「3대 탐정업무」를 ‘얼마나 매끄럽게 해내느냐’에 흥망과 성쇠가 걸려 있음에 이론(異論)을 제기하는 사람 없다.「3대 탐정업무」에 대한 접근법을 학술적·법리적으로 제대로 구축하는 일은 곧 탐정업 전반을 관통하는 논리로 이어질 것임에 틀림없다는 얘기다. 이와 관련 한국민간조사학술연구소에서는 30여년간 축적해온 정보 및 탐정 관련 학술을 바탕으로 ‘탐정업 TOP3 업무를 원할히 수행해 낼 수 있는 정석과 응용’을 탐정 또는 탐정 지망생 등과 공유하기로 하고 이를 직접 전수하게 될 순회강연에 나서기로 했다.

 

2021년 6월 28일(월)부터 진행되는 이번 순회 강연은 ‘TOP3 탐정업무에 대한 정석과 응용 등 효율적 접근법’이라는 주제 하에 대학교, 대학원(석·박사 과정 및 특별과정), 평생교육원, 학원, 협회, 탐정업체, 군·경 퇴직자 단체, 기타 정·관·학계 등을 대상으로 개최되며, 한국민간조사학술연구소 김종식 소장 직강으로 이루어지진다. 강연시간은 3시간이며, 참석자에게는 특수 교재가 주어진다. 특강 일정 등은 한국민간조사학술연구소로 문의(상담)하면 된다. 

 

한편 한국민간조사학술연구소는 30여년 간 정보실무 및 탐정학술 정합에 진력해온 김종식 소장을 중심으로 2010년 ‘탐정학술의 전문화·실용화’ 및 ‘사설탐정(민간조사원)의 직업화·법제화’ 촉진을 목표로 출범한 학술단체로 지금까지 수편의 탐정(업)분야 저널논문 발표와 ‘탐정실무총람’, ‘탐정학술요론’, ‘탐정학술편람’, ‘민간조사의 실제’, ‘민간조사학(탐정학)개론’, ‘경호학’, ‘정보론’, ‘경찰학개론’ 등 다수의 탐정(업) 관련 학술서 출간을 비롯 국회 공인탐정법(공인탐정) 제정 추진 국민대토론회 주제 발표와 550여편의 탐정(사회)분야 칼럼 등을 통해 탐정업(민간조사업) 신직업화의 타당성과 탐정법(‘탐정업관리법’) 제정의 긴요성 등 탐정제도 전반에 걸친 발전방향을 제시해 왔다.

 

*필자/김종식

 

한국민간조사학술연구소장, 한국범죄정보학회 탐정학술위원장, 전 경찰청치안정책평가위원, 전 국가기록원민간기록조사위원, 전 중앙선관위정당정책토론회평가위원,한북신문논설위원, 치안정보업무 20년(1999’경감),경찰학강의10년/저서:탐정실무총람,탐정학술요론, 탐정학술편람, 민간조사학·탐정학, 경찰학개론, 정보론, 경호학, 공인탐정(공인탐정법)명암 외/탐정제도·치안·국민안전 등 550여 편의 칼럼이 있다. kjs00112@hanmail.net

 

*아래는 위 기사를 '구글 번역'으로 번역한 영문 기사의 [전문]이다. * Below is the [full text] of an English article translated from the above article as'Google Translate'.

 

Special Lecture for Complete Conquest of ‘Correspondence and Application’ of ‘Detective Business, Big 3 Jobs’ such as finding people (kpisl)

Searching for people, detecting spouse cheating, and contributing to the public interest, solidified as a ‘TOP 3 business’ in the Korean detective business         

-Kim Jong-sik, Director of the Korean Civil Research Research Institute

 

The Constitutional Court's decision (June 28, 2018) that 'the detective work that does not infringe on individual laws and the rights and interests of others is not impossible right now' and the National Police Agency's 'Acceptance of private license registration related to the detective business (June 17, 2019)', Due to a series of changes in the legal environment, such as the lifting of the 'prohibition on the use of detective titles' under the Credit Information Act (Aug. 8, 2020), there is no longer any law or legal principle prohibiting detectives (business) anywhere in the Korean Code. This means that the detective business has now become a ‘free business that anyone can run’ (there are about 8,000 detectives currently in operation).

However, many citizens are mindful of the deviations that occurred in the past 'voice detective activities' such as some errand centers and traders, so even though 'professionalization (open sales) of the detective business' is possible, today detectives (detectives) Unlike in the past (indiscriminate commercial entrepreneurs, etc.), they are not paying attention to how much they can show 'autonomous law-abiding spirit, confidence and professionalism'. This suggests that it will be difficult to promise a future in the detective business without becoming a 'correct detective' or a 'competent detective'.

 

In the midst of this, the Korea Civil Investigation Research Institute (kpisl, Director Kim Jong-sik) produced 'Detective Academic Instructor (Presidential National Police Agency, 2019-003311)', 'Missing Person Material Analyst (Presidential National Police Agency, 2019-003308), 'Data As a result of interim monitoring of the order of detective work with high frequency of appointments related to the detective business, the order of the detective work related to the detective business was tentatively monitored for those who acquired the registration qualifications of the Korea Institute for Vocational Education and Training related to the detective business, such as the collection agency (Ministry of Education in charge, 2017-002023). In business, the 'three major detective tasks' were found to be ① 'finding people', ② 'detecting spouse cheating' and ③ 'activities contributing to the public interest'.

 

In particular, it is estimated that the proportion of the top 3 tasks, such as 'finding people', 'detecting spouse cheating', and 'activities contributing to the public interest', is about 90% of the total detective work. In light of this, it seems unreasonable, considering that a detective who is not proficient in the 'big 3 detective work' has a very low probability of not surviving or succeeding in the detective business.

 

However, in reality, it is not very common for detectives who have harmoniously applied positive law and coherence in carrying out the 'three major detective tasks', as well as systematically elucidating the 'standards and applications of the top 3 detective business, as well as limitations and limitations'. It is a pity that the education channels to be presented are not particularly prominent. In the midst of this, we are concerned that about 500 self-proclaimed detective professors (?), who plausibly wrapped up their wealth or similar careers, appeared like fire moths, and they are bluffing to salvage 'experienced detectives and masters'. can't help but have

 

Korean-style detective business! No one argues that the rise and fall is at stake in 'how smoothly you perform the three major detective jobs.' The approach to the 「3 major detective jobs」 can be considered academically and legally. It means that building it properly will soon lead to a logic that runs through the entire detective industry. In this regard, the Korea Institute of Civil Investigation has decided to share with detectives or aspiring detectives the 'standards and applications that can smoothly perform the top 3 tasks of the detective industry' based on the information and detective-related academics accumulated over the past 30 years. I decided to attend a lecture tour.

This lecture, which will be held from June 28, 2021 (Mon), will be held at universities, graduate schools (master's and doctoral courses and special courses), lifelong education centers, private institutes, It is held for associations, detective companies, military/police retiree groups, and other government/government/academic circles, and is delivered directly by Kim Jong-sik, director of the Korea Institute of Civil Investigation. The lecture is 3 hours long, and special textbooks are given to attendees. For special lecture schedules, etc., please inquire (consultation) with the Korea Institute of Civil Investigation.

 

Meanwhile, the Korea Institute of Civil Investigation Research has been promoting the 'specialization and practicalization of detective science' and the 'professionalization and legalization of private investigators (private investigators)' in 2010, centering on Director Kim Jong-sik, who has been working on the integration of information practice and detective science for over 30 years. As an academic organization that was launched with the goal of publishing several journal papers in the field of detectives, so far, it has published several articles in the 'Practical Detective Practice Guide', 'Theory of Detective Studies', 'The Detective Academic Manual', 'The Practice of Private Investigation', and 'Private Investigation ( Introduction to detective studies), 'Security Studies', 'Information Theory', 'Introduction to Police Science', etc. Publication of a number of academic books related to detective (business), and promotion of enactment of the National Assembly's Certified Detective Act (Certified Detective) Presentation of themes at the National Debate and more than 550 detectives ( Through columns in the field of society), he has presented the overall development direction of the detective system, such as the feasibility of becoming a new profession in the detective business (private investigation business) and the urgency of enacting the Detective Management Act ('Detective Business Management Act').

 

*Writer/Jongsik Kim

 

Director of the Korea Civil Investigation Research Institute, Chairman of the Detective Academic Committee of the Korean Society of Criminal Intelligence, former member of the National Police Agency’s public security policy evaluation, former member of the Civil Record Investigation Committee of the National Archives, former member of the Central Election Commission’s political debate committee, editorial member of the North Korean newspaper, 20 years of public security information work ( 1999', Police Science Lecture 10 years/Books: Detective Practice Guide, Detective Science Guide, Detective Academic Handbook, Civil Investigation/Detective Studies, Police Science Introduction, Information Theory, Security Science, Certified Detective (Certified Detective Act) Myung-Am et al./Detective System ·There are about 550 columns including public safety and public safety.

 

 

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