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코로나19에 올 상반기 골목상권 절벽 끝..하반기도 ‘비상’

문홍철 기자 l 기사입력 2021-07-12

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  © 한국경제연구원


브레이크뉴스 문홍철 기자=
코로나19가 1년 이상 지속되면서, 골목상권이 막다른 골목에 내몰리고 있다는 조사결과가 나왔다.

 

12일 한국경제연구원에 따르면 시장조사 전문기관 모노리서치에 의뢰해 골목상권 자영업자(521명)를 대상으로 ‘2021년 상반기 골목상권 현황 및 하반기 전망 조사’를 진행한 결과, 골목상권 자영업자 10 중 8명(78.5%)은 올해 상반기 매출액이 작년 상반기 대비 감소한 것으로 나타났다. 금액 기준으로는 평균 21.8% 감소한 것으로 분석됐다.

 

이번 조사는 △식당·카페 등 음식점 △슈퍼마켓·편의점·정육점 등 식료품 소매점 △학원(예체능 포함) △부동산·인테리어·자동차수리점 등 개인 서비스 △미용실·피부관리소 △옷가게·화장품가게·꽃가게 △노래방·세탁소 등 기타업종​ 등 7개 업종을 대상으로 했다.

 

먼저, 업종별 매출액 감소폭은 △옷가게·화장품가게·꽃가게 25.8% △식당·카페 등 음식점 25.2% △노래방·세탁소 등 기타업종 24.9% △미용실·피부관리소 24.5% △슈퍼마켓·편의점·정육점 등 식료 소매점 19.9% △부동산·인테리어·자동차수리점 등 개인서비스 19.4% △학원(예체능 포함) 16.3% 순이었다.

 

올해 상반기 매출액이 작년 상반기 대비 감소했다고 응답한 자영업자들은 그 이유에 대해, △코로나19 지속으로 골목상권 경기 악화(58.2%)를 가장 많이 꼽았고, △같은 상권 내 동일 업종 간 경쟁 심화(16.2%) △경쟁 상권 활성화로 해당 상권 침체(15.7%) 등으로 응답했다.


골목상권 자영업자의 73.5%는 올해 상반기 순이익이 작년 상반기보다 감소했다고 답했다. 순이익 금액 기준으로는 평균 17.7% 감소한 것으로 나타났다.

 

업종별 순이익 감소폭은 △노래방·세탁소 등 기타업종 21.5% △옷가게·화장품가게·꽃가게 20.6% △식당·카페 등 음식점 19.7% △미용실·피부관리소 19.7% △부동산·인테리어·자동차수리점 등 개인서비스 16.1% △슈퍼마켓·편의점·정육점 등 식료 소매점 14.8% △학원(예체능 포함) 14.2% 순이었다.

 

올해 상반기 순이익이 감소했다고 응답한 자영업자들은 △매출 감소(56.6%) △원재료비 상승(13.6%) △인건비 상승(13.0%) △공과금 상승(7.2%) △임차료 상승(6.7%) 등을 원인으로 지목했다.

 

자영업자의 영업비용 중 가장 큰 부담이 되는 항목으로는 △임차료(41.7%) △인건비(31.5%) △원재료비(12.7%) △세금(10.6%) △전기·수도 등 공공요금(2.7%) 순으로 나타났다.

 

고용원 유무에 따라 고용원이 없는 자영업자는 임차료(50.4%)를, 고용원이 있는 자영업자는 인건비(43.4%)를 가장 큰 부담으로 꼽았다.

 

골목상권 경기 악화는 일자리에도 악영향을 미쳤다. 조사에 응답한 자영업자의 33.6%는 작년 상반기 대비 고용인원이 감소했고, 62.9%는 변동이 없었다. 고용인원이 증가했다고 응답한 비중은 3.5%에 불과했다.

 

고용원 유‧무에 따라 구분해 살펴보면 현재 고용원이 있는 자영업자의 44.9%는 작년 상반기 대비 고용인원이 감소했고, 49.6%는 변동이 없었다. 고용인원이 증가했다고 응답한 비중은 5.5%로 나타났다.

 

고용원이 없는 자영업자 중에서는 작년 상반기 대비 고용인원이 감소했다고 응답한 비율은 16.3%였고, 83.7%는 고용인원에 변동이 없었다.

 

골목상권 자영업자들은 올해 하반기 골목상권 경기도 어두울 것으로 전망했다. 응답 자영업자 중 과반인 65.3%가 올해 하반기 매출이 작년 하반기 대비 감소할 것으로 전망했고, 금액 기준으로는 평균 11.7%의 감소를 예상했다.


자영업자들은 골목상권 경기 활성화를 위해 △백신 접종을 통한 집단면역 및 사회적 거리두기 완화(35.2%) △최저임금 인상 자제 등 인건비 부담 완화(23.7%) △전기·수도요금 등 공공요금 부담 완화(16.5%) △보조금 지급, 금융지원 등을 통한 신규 창업 활성화(15.5%) △골목상권 업체 대상 사업 컨설팅 지원(8.3%) 등이 필요하다고 응답했다.

 

자영업자 손실보상제에 대해서는 △사회적 거리두기 등 국가 정책으로 인해 발생한 손해를 보전하기 위해 법제화 필요(42.8%) △손실보상보다는 세금·공공요금·인건비 부담 완화 필요(31.3%) △자영업자 손실 보상은 필요하나 법을 통한 의무화는 불필요(22.1%) △손실 보상 불필요(3.3%) 등의 의견이었다.

 

추광호 한경연 경제정책실장은 “이번 조사가 최근 델타 변이 등 코로나 재확산 이전에 시행됐음을 고려할 때, 현재 자영업자들이 느끼는 하반기 전망은 이번 조사결과보다 더욱 악화됐을 것”이라며 “신속한 집단면역 형성과 거리두기 완화를 최우선 과제로 추진하면서, 최저임금 인상 자제, 공공요금 할인‧지원 등 골목상권의 부담을 경감하는 정책도 병행해야 한다”고 주장했다.

 

break9874@naver.com

 

아래는 위의 글을 구글번역이 번역한 영문의 <전문>이다. [Below is an English <Full text> translated by Google Translate.]


The end of the cliff in the first half of this year due to Corona 19 in the alley business area.. The second half is also 'dark'

-Reporter Moon Hong-cheol

 

As Corona 19 has continued for more than a year, the results of a survey show that the alley commercial area is being pushed into a dead end.


According to the Korea Economic Research Institute on the 12th, as a result of conducting a 'Survey on the status of alley businesses in the first half of 2021 and prospects for the second half of 2021' for self-employed people (521 people) in alley commercial districts by commissioning Mono Research, a market research institute, 8 out of 10 self-employed in alley commercial districts (78.5%) showed that sales in the first half of this year decreased compared to the first half of last year. In terms of amount, it was analyzed that the average decrease was 21.8%.


This survey is based on △restaurants such as restaurants and cafes △food retail stores such as supermarkets, convenience stores and butchers △schools (including arts and sports) △personal services such as real estate, interiors, and auto repair shops △beauty salons and skin care centers △clothes stores, cosmetics stores, flower shops △karaokes, Seven industries were targeted, including laundry and other industries.


First of all, the decrease in sales by industry is △Clothing stores, cosmetics stores, flower stores, 25.8% △ Restaurants, cafes, etc. 25.2% △ Other industries such as karaoke, laundry, etc. 24.9% △ Beauty salons and skin care centers 24.5% △ Supermarkets, convenience stores, butchers, etc. Food retail stores 19.9 % △ Personal services such as real estate, interior and auto repair shops 19.4% △ Academy (including arts and sports) 16.3%.


Self-employed people who answered that their sales in the first half of this year decreased compared to the first half of last year as the reason for this, the most common reason was △ worsening of the economy in alleys (58.2%) due to the continued Corona 19, △ Intensifying competition between the same industries in the same commercial area (16.2%) △ Responding to the slump in the relevant commercial district (15.7%) due to the activation of competitive commercial districts.


73.5% of self-employed people in alleyways said that their net profit in the first half of this year decreased compared to the first half of last year. In terms of net profit, it was found to have decreased by an average of 17.7%.


The decrease in net profit by industry was △21.5% for other industries such as karaoke and laundry △20.6% for clothing stores, cosmetics stores, and flower stores △19.7% for restaurants such as restaurants and cafes △Beauty salons and skin care centers 19.7% △Personal services such as real estate, interiors, and auto repair shops 16.1% △ Grocery retail stores such as supermarkets, convenience stores, and butcher shops were followed by 14.8% and △ Academy (including arts and sports) 14.2%.


Self-employed people who responded that their net profit decreased in the first half of this year blamed △ reduced sales (56.6%) △ increased raw material cost (13.6%) △ increased labor cost (13.0%) △ increased utility bills (7.2%) △ increased rent (6.7%) did.


Among the operating expenses of the self-employed, the most burdensome item is △Rent (41.7%) △ Labor cost (31.5%) △ Raw material cost (12.7%) △ Tax (10.6%) △Utilities such as electricity and water (2.7%) appear.


According to the presence or absence of employees, the self-employed with no employees cited rent (50.4%) as the biggest burden, and the self-employed with employees (43.4%) cited labor costs as the biggest burden.


The economic downturn in the alleys has also had a negative impact on jobs. 33.6% of the self-employed who responded to the survey saw a decrease in the number of employees compared to the first half of last year, and 62.9% remained unchanged. Only 3.5% of the respondents answered that the number of employees had increased.


When it comes to classifying according to the presence or absence of employees, 44.9% of the self-employed who currently have employees have reduced the number of employees compared to the first half of last year, while 49.6% did not change. 5.5% of the respondents answered that the number of employees had increased.


Among the self-employed with no employees, 16.3% responded that the number of employees had decreased compared to the first half of last year, and 83.7% had no change in the number of employees.


The self-employed in the alley business district predicted that Gyeonggi-do in the alley business district would be dark in the second half of this year. A majority of the self-employed respondents, 65.3%, predicted that sales in the second half of this year would decrease compared to the second half of last year, and expected an average decrease of 11.7% in terms of amount.


In order to revitalize the economy in the alleyways, self-employed workers △Reducing group immunity and social distancing through vaccination (35.2%) △Reducing the burden of labor costs such as refraining from raising the minimum wage (23.7%) △Reducing the burden of public charges such as electricity and water bills (16.5%) ) △ Activation of new start-ups through subsidies and financial support (15.5%) △ Business consulting support for businesses in alleyways (8.3%) answered that it is necessary.


Regarding the loss compensation system for the self-employed, △ Laws need to be enacted to compensate for damages caused by national policies such as social distancing (42.8%) △ Reduction of tax, public charges, and labor costs rather than loss compensation (31.3%) △ Compensation for loss of the self-employed is necessary There were opinions such as unnecessary (22.1%) and no need to compensate for losses (3.3%).


Choo Gwang-ho, head of economic policy at Hankyung-yeon, said, “Considering that this survey was conducted before the recent delta mutation and the re-spread of the corona virus, the outlook for the second half of the current self-employed people would have been worse than the results of this survey. While promoting easing as a top priority, policies that reduce the burden on alleyways, such as refraining from raising the minimum wage and discounting and supporting public utilities, should also be implemented, he argued.

 

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